Heel pain is the most common foot disorder in adults and often affects people in their forties. Children aged 10 to about 14 may suffer with heel pain as well but this is a disorder known as Severs which we will cover in our next article.
Heel pain in adults has many different causes including heel spur, rheumatoid arthritis, a trauma or fracture. However one of the most common causes is plantar fasciitis where the band of tissue on the bottom of the foot is over-stretched causing pain where it attaches to the heel bone. The pain is often worse first thing in the morning or after rest and this is because at night inflammation build up in the muscular layers of the foot and when we stand up it hurts. After walking for a while, the lymphatic system drains the inflammation away and it is not so painful.
Self help includes icing the area 3 or 4 times a day for 10 minutes duration; friction rub the area with a thumb to break down the thickened tissue; and stretching the calf muscles will take ease the structure under the foot.